Excel Ribbon

Excel ribbon is the navigation menu in Excel, shows all the Controls and Commands in different Tabs. All commands available in Excel are grouped and provided in separate tabs of Ribbon based on the functionality to deal with verity of the Objects in Excel.

There are several Tabs in Excel: File, Home, Insert, Draw, Page Layout, Data, Review, View, Developer, Add-ins, Help,etc. You can see the built-in command bars are grouped together in each ribbon based on its functionality.

Components of the Excel Ribbon:

Excel Ribbon Can be divided into several Parts. Here are the Different parts of the Excel Ribbon.

  • BackView: BackView Of the Excel Ribbon Contains File Information, Open, New, Save, Export and Options.
  • Quick Access Toolbar: Top Left Conner of The Excel Ribbon Contains Quick Access Toolbar. You can add any command to this Ribbon Part to quickly access the command bars.
  • Ribbon Tabs: Excel Ribbon Contains Ribbon Tabs to show the Excel Commands. Excel is grouped all the commands into these¬† ribbon for easy access.
  • Groups: All the similar commands are grouped into one group in each Tab. Every Excel Ribbon Tab contains one or multiple Groups

List of Tabs in Ribbon

Here are the list of Tabs available in Excel Ribbon Menu. Each tab contains verity of Excel commands divided into different groups in Excel Ribbon Tabs.

  • File Tab: All the commands related to Excel File to Save, Open, Close and Change the Excel Options
  • Home Tab: Home Tab contains the standard Excel Commands. Most of these are related to Formatting and Copy Paste Commands. For Example: Copy, Cut, Paste, Font, Bold, Alignment, Number Formatting, Insert, Delete, etc.
  • Insert Tab: Insert Tab contains the commands to insert into Excel File. You can insert Table, Pivot Table, Picture, Shapes, Icons, Charts and Symbols.
  • Draw Tab: This is newly added tab which provided with drawing tools.
  • Page Layout Tab: All the commands related to Page settings and Layouts, Printing Options can view in Page Layout tab.
  • Formulas Tab: You can view Excel Functions Library and Defined Names, Auditing and Calculations commands in Formulas Ribbon Tab.
  • Data Tab: Data Tab contains commands for connecting and importing Data, Sorting and Filtering Data Commands, Data Validation, Text to Columns, Remove Duplicates and Outline commands.
  • Review Tab: It contains Spell check, comments and protection commands.
  • View Tab: You can view Workbook Views, Show, Zoom, Window and Macros from View Tab.
  • Developer Tab: All the Commands related Excel VBA Development can be found in the Developer Tab.
  • Format Tab: This tab contains commands for formatting cells, such as changing font size, color, and style, as well as border styles, shading, and cell protection.
  • Chart Tools Tab: This tab is displayed when a chart is selected, and contains commands for customizing the appearance and data of the chart, such as adding or removing chart elements, changing chart types, and formatting chart data series.
  • PivotTable Tools Tab: This tab is displayed when a PivotTable or PivotChart is selected, and contains commands for managing and analyzing large sets of data, such as creating calculated fields, grouping data, and filtering results.
  • Add-ins Tab: This tab is displayed when a compatible add-in is installed and activated, and contains commands for working with the add-in’s features and functionality.

Overall, the Excel Ribbon provides users with a powerful and flexible interface for performing a wide variety of tasks, and its menus and commands can be customized to suit the specific needs and preferences of individual users.

Commands in Ribbon:

Here is a more detailed explanation of the common commands found in each of the tabs in the Excel Ribbon:

Home Tab:

  • Clipboard: Cut, Copy, and Paste commands for moving or duplicating data within a worksheet or between different worksheets or workbooks.
  • Font: Commands for formatting text, such as font style, size, color, bold, italic, underline, and strikethrough.
  • Alignment: Commands for adjusting the alignment of text within cells, such as horizontal and vertical alignment, text wrap, and indent.
  • Number: Commands for formatting numeric values, such as currency, date and time, percentage, and scientific notation.
  • Styles: Commands for applying predefined styles to cells, such as Title, Heading, and Total styles.
  • Cells: Commands for managing cells, such as inserting or deleting cells, hiding or unhiding rows and columns, and merging cells.
  • Editing: Commands for editing data within cells, such as Find and Replace, Clear, and Undo and Redo.
Group Command Description
Clipboard Cut Cut the selected cells, rows, or columns
Clipboard Copy Copy the selected cells, rows, or columns
Clipboard Paste Paste the copied or cut cells, rows, or columns
Clipboard Paste Special Choose a paste option, such as values or formatting
Clipboard Format Painter Copy the formatting of selected cells and apply it to other cells
Font Font Choose a font for the selected cells
Font Font Size Choose a font size for the selected cells
Font Bold Make the selected text bold
Font Italic Make the selected text italic
Font Underline Underline the selected text
Font Strikethrough Add a strikethrough to the selected text
Font Subscript Make the selected text a subscript
Font Superscript Make the selected text a superscript
Font Change Case Change the case of the selected text
Font Text Effects Add an effect, such as shadow or reflection, to the selected text
Font Font Color Choose a font color for the selected cells
Font Fill Color Choose a fill color for the selected cells
Alignment Wrap Text Wrap text within a cell
Alignment Merge & Center Merge selected cells and center the content
Alignment Merge Across Merge selected cells across a row
Alignment Merge Cells Merge selected cells
Alignment Align Left Align text to the left of the cell
Alignment Center Center text within a cell
Alignment Align Right Align text to the right of the cell
Alignment Increase Indent Increase the indentation of the text within a cell
Alignment Decrease Indent Decrease the indentation of the text within a cell
Alignment Orientation Change the orientation of the text within a cell
Alignment Vertical Alignment Choose a vertical alignment for the content within a cell
Number Number Format Choose a number format for the selected cells
Number Percent Style Apply a percent format to the selected cells
Number Comma Style Apply a comma format to the selected cells
Number Increase Decimal Increase the number of decimal places displayed for the selected cells
Number Decrease Decimal Decrease the number of decimal places displayed for the selected cells
Number Accounting Number Format Apply an accounting number format to the selected cells
Styles Cell Styles Apply a predefined cell style to the selected cells
Styles Conditional Formatting Apply formatting based on certain conditions
Cells Insert Insert cells, rows, columns, or sheets
Cells Delete Delete cells, rows, columns, or sheets
Cells Format Choose a cell format for the selected cells
Cells Hide & Unhide Hide or unhide rows, columns, or sheets
Cells Find & Select Find and select specific content within the worksheet
Editing Find Find specific content within the worksheet
Editing Replace Replace specific content within the worksheet
Editing Go To Go to a specific cell, row, column, or sheet
Editing Sort & Filter Sort or filter the data within the worksheet
Editing Conditional Formatting Apply formatting based on certain conditions
Editing Clear Clear the content or formatting of the selected cells
Editing Data Validation Set rules for the data entered in the

Insert Tab:

  • Tables: Commands for creating and formatting tables, such as Table, PivotTable, and Recommended Charts.
  • Illustrations: Commands for inserting images, shapes, SmartArt, and charts.
  • Add-ins: Commands for adding custom add-ins or features to Excel, such as My Add-ins, Store, and Office Add-ins.
  • Charts: Commands for creating and formatting charts, such as Column, Line, Pie, and Scatter charts.
  • Sparklines: Commands for creating and formatting small charts that fit within a single cell, such as Line, Column, and Win/Loss sparklines.
  • Filter: Commands for filtering data within a table or range, such as Sort and Filter.
Group Command Description
Tables Table Convert a range of cells into a table
Tables PivotTable Create a PivotTable from the selected data
Tables Recommended Charts View suggested chart types based on the selected data
Illustrations Pictures Insert a picture from a file or online source
Illustrations Online Pictures Search for and insert pictures from online sources
Illustrations Shapes Insert a shape, such as a line, rectangle, or arrow
Illustrations Icons Insert an icon from a library of built-in icons
Illustrations 3D Models Insert a 3D model from an online source or a file
Illustrations SmartArt Insert a SmartArt graphic, such as a process or hierarchy diagram
Illustrations Chart Insert a chart based on the selected data
Add-Ins Add-Ins View and manage available add-ins
Add-Ins Store Browse and download add-ins from the Microsoft Store
Charts Column Insert a column chart based on the selected data
Charts Line Insert a line chart based on the selected data
Charts Pie Insert a pie chart based on the selected data
Charts Bar Insert a bar chart based on the selected data
Charts Area Insert an area chart based on the selected data
Charts Scatter Insert a scatter chart based on the selected data
Charts Map Insert a map chart based on geographic data
Sparklines Line Insert a line sparkline to show trends within the selected data
Sparklines Column Insert a column sparkline to show trends within the selected data
Sparklines Win/Loss Insert a win/loss sparkline to show trends within the selected data
Filters Filter Add a filter to the selected data to allow for sorting and filtering
Text Text Box Insert a text box to add text or captions to the worksheet
Text Header & Footer Add headers and footers to the worksheet for printing
Text WordArt Insert stylized text to the worksheet
Text Drop Cap Add a decorative initial letter to the beginning of a block of text
Symbols Symbol Insert a symbol, such as a currency or mathematical symbol
Media Audio Insert an audio clip into the worksheet
Media Video Insert a video clip into the worksheet
Links Hyperlink Insert a hyperlink to another location or file
Links Bookmark Create a bookmark to a specific location within the worksheet
Comments Comment Add a comment to a cell to provide additional information
Other Object Insert an object, such as a file or chart, into the worksheet
Other Equation Insert an equation into the worksheet
Other Signature Line Insert a signature line for digital signatures

Page Layout Tab:

  • Themes: Commands for applying or customizing themes that change the overall appearance of a worksheet or workbook, such as colors, fonts, and effects.
  • Page Setup: Commands for adjusting the page layout of a worksheet, such as margins, orientation, size, and print area.
  • Scale to Fit: Commands for adjusting the scale of a worksheet to fit a certain number of pages, such as adjusting the width or height of printed pages.
  • Sheet Options: Commands for adding or removing gridlines, headers, and footers, as well as controlling the visibility of objects such as shapes and charts.
  • Arrange: Commands for arranging or aligning objects within a worksheet, such as Bring to Front, Send to Back, and Align Left.
Group Command Description
Themes Themes Apply a predefined color scheme and font style to the worksheet
Themes Colors Apply a specific color scheme to the worksheet
Themes Fonts Apply a specific font style to the worksheet
Page Setup Page Setup Set up the page orientation, margins, and paper size for printing
Page Setup Scale to Fit Adjust the scaling of the worksheet to fit on a specific number of pages
Page Setup Sheet Options Set options for printing the worksheet, such as gridlines and headings
Page Setup Arrange Adjust the placement and order of objects, such as pictures and shapes
Page Setup Background Add a background image or color to the worksheet
Page Setup Print Titles Set rows and columns to repeat on each printed page
Page Setup Page Borders Add a border to the edges of the printed page
Page Setup Watermark Add a watermark, such as “Draft” or “Confidential,” to the worksheet
Page Setup Breaks Insert page breaks to control where pages end and new ones begin
Page Setup View Switch between different views, such as Normal and Page Break Preview
Page Setup Macros Record or run macros to automate tasks
Scale to Fit Width Adjust the scaling of the worksheet to fit on a specific number of pages horizontally
Scale to Fit Height Adjust the scaling of the worksheet to fit on a specific number of pages vertically
Scale to Fit Scale Adjust the scaling of the worksheet to fit on a specific number of pages both horizontally and vertically
Sheet Options Gridlines Show or hide gridlines on the printed worksheet
Sheet Options Headings Show or hide row and column headings on the printed worksheet
Sheet Options Breaks Show or hide page breaks on the printed worksheet
Sheet Options Background Show or hide the background image or color on the printed worksheet
Sheet Options Draft Quality Print the worksheet in draft quality to save ink and toner
Arrange Position Align objects to specific positions, such as center or left
Arrange Size Resize objects to specific dimensions
Arrange Wrap Text Wrap text around objects to fit them into the worksheet
Arrange Bring Forward Bring an object to the front of the worksheet
Arrange Send Backward Send an object to the back of the worksheet
Arrange Group Group multiple objects together for easier editing and formatting
Arrange Rotate Rotate an object to a specific angle
Macros Macros Record or run macros to automate tasks

Formulas Tab:

  • Function Library: Commands for inserting and working with built-in Excel functions, such as SUM, AVERAGE, and IF.
  • Defined Names: Commands for creating and managing named ranges and formulas.
  • Formula Auditing: Commands for tracing and evaluating formulas, such as Trace Precedents, Trace Dependents, and Evaluate Formula.
  • Calculation: Commands for controlling the calculation settings of Excel, such as Automatic or Manual calculation, and Data Tables.
  • Formula Bar: Commands for adjusting the display and editing of the Formula Bar, such as Show Formula or Show Functions.
Group Command Description
Function Library Insert Function Open the Insert Function dialog box to search and select a specific function
Function Library Financial Perform financial calculations, such as calculating loan payments or depreciation
Function Library Logical Evaluate logical statements, such as IF statements
Function Library Text Manipulate text strings, such as concatenating or extracting specific characters
Function Library Date & Time Work with dates and times, such as calculating the difference between two dates
Function Library Lookup & Reference Look up and reference specific data in a worksheet or external file
Function Library Math & Trig Perform mathematical and trigonometric calculations, such as calculating the square root or sine of an angle
Function Library More Functions Open a list of additional functions, such as database and engineering functions
Defined Names Define Name Create a name for a cell or range of cells to make it easier to reference
Defined Names Name Manager Manage existing names, including renaming, deleting, and modifying
Formula Auditing Trace Precedents Show the cells that provide input to the selected cell
Formula Auditing Trace Dependents Show the cells that depend on the selected cell
Formula Auditing Remove Arrows Remove all tracing arrows
Formula Auditing Error Checking Check for errors in the worksheet formulas
Formula Auditing Evaluate Formula Evaluate the selected formula step by step
Calculation Calculation Options Change the calculation options, such as automatic or manual
Calculation Calculate Now Calculate all formulas in the worksheet
Calculation Calculate Sheet Calculate all formulas in the active worksheet
Calculation Calculate Workbook Calculate all formulas in the entire workbook
Calculation Calculate Selection Calculate only the selected cells
Calculation Circular References Display or ignore circular references
Calculation Error Checking Check for errors in the worksheet formulas
Calculation Enable Iterative Calculation Enable iterative calculation to solve circular references
Calculation Watch Window Add or remove cells to the watch window to monitor their values
Calculation Evaluate Formula Evaluate the selected formula step by step

Data Tab:

  • Get & Transform Data: Commands for importing and transforming data from external sources, such as Query Editor, Data Model, and From Other Sources.
  • Sort & Filter: Commands for sorting and filtering data within a table or range, such as Sort A-Z, Sort Z-A, and Filter by Color.
  • Data Tools: Commands for working with data, such as Data Validation, Remove Duplicates, and Text to Columns.
  • Outline: Commands for creating and manipulating outlines of data, such as Group and Ungroup, and Subtotal.
  • What-If Analysis: Commands for analyzing data under different scenarios, such as Goal Seek, Data Tables, and Scenario Manager.
Group Command Description
Get & Transform Data Get Data Open the Get Data dialog box to import data from a variety of sources
Get & Transform Data From Table/Range Import data from a selected table or range
Get & Transform Data From Table/Range (Power Query) Import data from a selected table or range using Power Query
Get & Transform Data Recent Sources View and select recently used data sources
Get & Transform Data Show Queries View and manage all queries created using Power Query
Get & Transform Data New Query Create a new query using Power Query
Get & Transform Data Combine Queries Combine multiple queries into one
Get & Transform Data Append Queries Append two or more queries together
Get & Transform Data Merge Queries Merge two or more queries based on a common column
Get & Transform Data Group By Group rows together based on a selected column
Get & Transform Data Pivot Column Pivot a selected column to create a new table
Get & Transform Data Unpivot Columns Unpivot selected columns to create a new table
Get & Transform Data Transform Data Open the Power Query Editor to transform data
Connections Existing Connections View and manage existing connections to external data sources
Connections Refresh All Refresh all connections in the workbook
Connections Edit Links Edit links to external data sources
Sort & Filter Sort A to Z Sort the selected range in ascending order
Sort & Filter Sort Z to A Sort the selected range in descending order
Sort & Filter Sort Smallest to Largest Sort the selected range in ascending order, based on the values in the leftmost column
Sort & Filter Sort Largest to Smallest Sort the selected range in descending order, based on the values in the leftmost column
Sort & Filter Custom Sort Sort the selected range using custom sort criteria
Sort & Filter Filter Add a filter to the selected range
Sort & Filter Clear Clear any existing filters
Sort & Filter Advanced Open the Advanced Filter dialog box to create more complex filters
Data Tools Remove Duplicates Remove duplicate values from the selected range
Data Tools Data Validation Add data validation rules to the selected cells
Data Tools What-If Analysis Perform what-if analysis using scenarios, goal seek, or data tables
Outline Group Group selected rows or columns together
Outline Ungroup Remove groupings from selected rows or columns
Outline Subtotal Add subtotals to the selected range
Outline Show Detail Show all detail rows within a grouped range
Outline Hide Detail Hide all detail rows within a grouped range
Outline Create from Selection Create a new group from a selected range

Review Tab:

  • Proofing: Commands for checking the spelling and grammar of text within a worksheet, as well as adding and managing custom dictionaries.
  • Comments: Commands for adding, viewing, and managing comments within a worksheet, as well as controlling the display and formatting of comments.
  • Changes: Commands for tracking and managing changes made to a worksheet, such as accepting or rejecting changes, and comparing different versions of a workbook.
  • Compare: Commands for comparing and merging different versions of a workbook or worksheet.
  • Protect: Commands for protecting a worksheet or workbook, such as password-protecting cells, or restricting access to certain users or groups.
Group Command Description
Proofing Spelling Check the spelling of the selected text or the entire worksheet
Proofing Research Open the Research task pane to search for information
Proofing Thesaurus Open the Thesaurus task pane to find synonyms and antonyms
Proofing Translate Translate selected text or entire worksheet to another language
Proofing Word Count Count the number of words, characters, and paragraphs in the selected text or the entire worksheet
Comments New Comment Add a new comment to the selected cell
Comments Edit Comment Edit the selected comment
Comments Delete Delete the selected comment
Comments Previous Navigate to the previous comment
Comments Next Navigate to the next comment
Changes Protect Sheet Protect the worksheet and specify which cells can be edited
Changes Allow Users to Edit Ranges Specify which ranges can be edited by which users
Changes Protect Workbook Protect the workbook with a password and specify which elements can be edited
Changes Share Workbook Allow multiple users to edit the workbook simultaneously
Changes Track Changes Track changes made to the workbook
Changes Highlight Changes Highlight changes made to the workbook
Changes Accept/Reject Changes Accept or reject changes made to the workbook
Changes Protect and Share Workbook Protect the workbook and share it with others
Changes Protect and Share Workbook with Excel Online Protect the workbook and share it with others using Excel Online
Changes Compare and Merge Workbooks Compare and merge changes made to two different versions of the same workbook
Changes Merge Workbooks Combine multiple workbooks into one
Changes Workbook Version History View the version history of the workbook
Changes Restore Restore the workbook to a previous version
Changes Open Version Open a previous version of the workbook
Changes Delete All Comments Delete all comments in the workbook
Changes Delete Comment Delete the selected comment
Changes Show All Comments Show all comments in the worksheet
Changes Show/Hide Markup Show or hide changes and comments made to the workbook
Changes Protect and Share Workbook with SharePoint Protect the workbook and share it with others using SharePoint
Changes Protect and Share Workbook with OneDrive Protect the workbook and share it with others using OneDrive
Changes Protect and Share Workbook with OneDrive for Business Protect the workbook and share it with others using OneDrive for Business

View Tab:

  • Workbook Views: Commands for changing the view of a workbook, such as Normal, Page Layout, and Page Break Preview.
  • Show: Commands for displaying or hiding certain elements within a worksheet, such as Gridlines, Headings, and Formula Bar.
  • Zoom: Commands for adjusting the zoom level of a worksheet, such as Zoom In or Zoom Out, and Fit to Window.
  • Window: Commands for managing multiple windows or views of a workbook, such as Split, Freeze Panes, and New Window.
  • Macros: Commands for recording or editing macros within a workbook, as well as managing the security and settings for macros.
Group Command Description
Workbook Views Normal Display the worksheet in Normal view
Workbook Views Page Layout Display the worksheet in Page Layout view
Workbook Views Page Break Preview Display the worksheet in Page Break Preview view
Workbook Views Custom Views Create, modify, or delete custom views of the worksheet
Workbook Views Full Screen Display the worksheet in Full Screen view
Workbook Views Switch Windows Switch between open workbooks
Show Gridlines Show or hide gridlines
Show Headings Show or hide row and column headings
Show Formula Bar Show or hide the Formula Bar
Show Ruler Show or hide the ruler
Show Zoom Change the zoom level of the worksheet
Show Arrange All Arrange all open workbooks
Show New Window Create a new window for the current workbook
Show Freeze Panes Freeze the selected rows or columns
Show Split Split the worksheet into multiple panes
Show Window Display the Window menu
Macros Macros Display the Macros dialog box to create, edit, or delete macros
Macros Record Macro Record a new macro
Macros Use Relative References Toggle the use of relative references in recorded macros
Macros Stop Recording Stop recording the macro
Macros Macros Security Set the level of security for running macros
Workbook Views View Side by Side View two workbooks side by side
Workbook Views Synchronous Scrolling Synchronize scrolling between two worksheets
Workbook Views Reset Window Position Reset the position of the active workbook window
Workbook Views View Code Display the Visual Basic Editor
Workbook Views Macros View the list of macros in the current workbook
Workbook Views Zoom to Selection Zoom in on the selected cell or range
Workbook Views Full Screen Display the worksheet in Full Screen view

Developer Tab:

  • Code: Commands for creating, editing, and running macros and code within Excel, such as Visual Basic Editor, Macros, and Code Snippets.
  • Add-ins: Commands for working with add-ins and controls within Excel, such as ActiveX Controls, Add-ins, and XML.
  • Controls: Commands for inserting, customizing, and working with form controls, such as Buttons, Check Boxes, and Drop-Down Lists.
  • XML: Commands for working with XML data within Excel, such as XML Mapping, Import, and Export.
Group Command Description
Code Visual Basic Open the Visual Basic Editor
Code Macros Display the Macros dialog box to create, edit, or delete macros
Code Record Macro Record a new macro
Code Use Relative References Toggle the use of relative references in recorded macros
Code Stop Recording Stop recording the macro
Code Macros Security Set the level of security for running macros
Add-Ins Excel Add-Ins Manage Excel Add-Ins
Controls Insert Insert form controls such as buttons, checkboxes, and drop-down lists
Controls Design Mode Toggle design mode for form controls
Controls Properties Display the Properties dialog box for a selected form control
XML Source Display the XML source code for the current workbook
XML Show XML Tools Display the XML Tools menu
XML Map Properties Display the Map Properties dialog box for the current XML map
XML Export Export the XML data to an XML file or other format
XML Import Import XML data into the current worksheet
XML Refresh Data Refresh the XML data in the worksheet
XML Clear Map Remove the XML mapping from the worksheet
Add-Ins Add-Ins Display the Add-Ins dialog box
Code Macro Security Set the level of security for running macros and add-ins
Code Visual Basic Open the Visual Basic Editor

Format Tab:

  • Cells: Commands for formatting cells, such as Cell Styles, Format Cells, and Conditional Formatting.
  • Font: Commands for formatting text within cells, such as Font Styles, Size, and Effects.
  • Alignment: Commands for aligning text and objects within cells, such as Horizontal and Vertical Alignment, Indentation, and Orientation.
  • Number: Commands for formatting numbers and dates within cells, such as Number Formats, Currency, and Percentage.
  • Styles: Commands for applying, creating, or modifying cell styles within a worksheet.
Group Command Description
Cells Format Cells Opens the Format Cells dialog box where you can format various cell properties
Merge & Center Combines selected cells and centers the content horizontally
Wrap Text Wraps text within a cell to fit the width of the cell
Freeze Panes Keeps rows and/or columns visible while scrolling through a worksheet
Font Font Changes the font face, size, color, and other font attributes
Bold Makes text bold
Italic Makes text italic
Underline Underlines text
Alignment Align Left Aligns text to the left
Center Centers text horizontally
Align Right Aligns text to the right
Top Aligns text to the top
Middle Centers text vertically
Bottom Aligns text to the bottom
Borders Border Adds or removes cell borders
Color Changes the color of cell borders
Line Style Changes the line style of cell borders
Border Styles Applies a predefined border style to selected cells
Fill Fill Color Changes the background color of cells
Pattern Fill Fills cells with a pattern or texture
Gradient Fill Fills cells with a gradient
Cell Styles Cell Styles Applies predefined cell styles
New Cell Style Creates a new cell style based on selected cells
Conditional Highlight Highlights cells based on certain conditions
Formatting Clear Clears cell formatting

Chart Tools Tab:

  • Design: Commands for designing the appearance and layout of a chart, such as Chart Styles, Chart Layouts, and Chart Titles.
  • Data: Commands for managing the data source and values of a chart, such as Select Data, Switch Row/Column, and Edit Data.
  • Layout: Commands for customizing the layout and appearance of chart elements, such as Chart Title, Legend, and Data Labels.
  • Format: Commands for formatting and customizing the appearance of chart elements, such as Chart Area, Plot Area, and Chart Elements.
  • Analyze: Commands for analyzing and summarizing chart data, such as Trendlines, Error Bars, and Moving Average.
Group Command Description
Chart Layouts Quick Layout Apply a pre-designed chart layout to the chart
Chart Layouts Chart Styles Apply a pre-designed chart style to the chart
Data Select Data Open the Select Data Source dialog box to modify the chart data
Data Switch Row/Column Switch the rows and columns of the chart data
Data Edit Data Open the data range for the chart
Type Change Chart Type Change the type of chart used
Type Chart Templates Save the current chart as a template for future use
Location Move Chart Move the chart to a new location
Location Chart Title Add or modify the chart title
Labels Axis Titles Add or modify the axis titles
Labels Data Labels Add or remove data labels on the chart
Labels Legend Add or modify the chart legend
Axes Primary Horizontal Add or modify the primary horizontal axis
Axes Primary Vertical Add or modify the primary vertical axis
Axes More Axis Options Display additional options for the chart axes
Background Chart Fill Add or modify the chart fill color or pattern
Background Plot Area Add or modify the plot area fill color or pattern
Background Chart Border Add or modify the chart border
Analysis Add Chart Element Add additional chart elements such as trendlines, error bars, or annotations
Analysis Change Chart Layout Customize the chart layout
Analysis Quick Analysis Display a gallery of recommended chart types and formatting options
Analysis Switch Row/Column Switch the rows and columns of the chart data

PivotTable Tools Tab:

  • Analyze: Commands for analyzing, summarizing, and manipulating PivotTable data, such as PivotTable Fields, Calculated Fields, and Group Selection.
  • Design: Commands for designing and formatting PivotTable layouts and styles, such as PivotTable Styles, Layouts, and Subtotals.
  • Options: Commands for customizing and adjusting PivotTable settings, such as Data Sources, Refresh, and PivotTable Options.
Group Command Description
PivotTable PivotTable Insert a new PivotTable onto the worksheet
PivotTable PivotChart Insert a new PivotChart onto the worksheet
PivotTable PivotTable Options Open the PivotTable Options dialog box to adjust various settings
PivotTable Change Data Source Change the data source for the PivotTable
PivotTable Refresh Refresh the PivotTable with the latest data
PivotTable PivotTable Styles Apply a predefined style to the PivotTable
Calculations Fields, Items, & Sets Open the Fields, Items, & Sets dialog box to manage fields and items in the PivotTable
Calculations Calculated Field Create a new calculated field in the PivotTable
Calculations Calculated Item Create a new calculated item in the PivotTable
Calculations Solve Order Specify the order in which calculations are performed in the PivotTable
Calculations OLAP Tools Access various tools for working with OLAP data sources
Options Show Specify which elements of the PivotTable are displayed
Options Totals & Filters Specify how totals and filters are displayed in the PivotTable
Options Active Field View and adjust settings for the active field in the PivotTable
Options Field List Show or hide the Field List for the PivotTable
Options Group Selection Group items in the PivotTable
Actions Actions Define and manage actions for the PivotTable

PivotTable Design Tab:

Group Command Description
Layout Report Layout Choose a layout for the PivotTable report
Layout Grand Totals Specify how grand totals are displayed in the PivotTable
Layout Subtotals Specify how subtotals are displayed in the PivotTable
Layout Blank Rows Insert or remove blank rows in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Banded Rows Apply banded row formatting to the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Banded Columns Apply banded column formatting to the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Row Headers Specify formatting options for row headers in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Column Headers Specify formatting options for column headers in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Data Specify formatting options for data in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Totals Specify formatting options for totals in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Filtered Specify formatting options for filtered items in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options First/Last Columns Specify formatting options for the first and last columns in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Field Headers Specify formatting options for field headers in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Grand Totals Specify formatting options for grand totals in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Values Specify formatting options for values in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Row Subtotals Specify formatting options for row subtotals in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Column Subtotals Specify formatting options for column subtotals in the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Clear Clear all formatting options for the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Duplicate Duplicate the PivotTable with its current formatting
PivotTable Style Options New Table Style Create a new table style for the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Table Style Options Customize the current table style for the PivotTable
PivotTable Style Options Slicer Styles Apply a predefined style to the slicer
Tools Convert to Formulas Convert the PivotTable to formulas
Tools OLAP Tools Access various tools for working with OLAP data sources
Tools Change Data Source Change the data source for the PivotTable
Tools Refresh Refresh the PivotTable with the latest data
Tools Options Open the PivotTable Options dialog box to adjust various settings
Tools Slicer Connections Manage slicer connections for the PivotTable

Shape Format Tab:

Group Command Description
Adjust Shape Styles Apply a predefined style to the shape
Adjust Shape Effects Add visual effects to the shape, such as shadows and reflections
Adjust Picture Styles Apply a predefined style to the shape’s picture
Adjust Picture Effects Add visual effects to the shape’s picture, such as borders and reflections
Arrange Align Align multiple shapes relative to one another
Arrange Position Change the position of the shape on the slide
Arrange Size Change the size of the shape
Arrange Rotate Rotate the shape
Group Group Group multiple shapes together
Group Ungroup Ungroup previously grouped shapes
Group Regroup Regroup shapes that were previously grouped
Group Bring Forward Move the shape forward in the stacking order
Group Bring to Front Move the shape to the front of the stacking order
Group Send Backward Move the shape backward in the stacking order
Group Send to Back Move the shape to the back of the stacking order
Group Selection Pane View and manage the selection pane for the current slide
Insert Shapes Shapes Insert a new shape onto the slide
Insert Shapes Edit Shape Edit the current shape
Insert Shapes Change Shape Change the current shape to a different shape
Insert Shapes Edit Points Edit the points of the current shape
Shape Styles Shape Fill Fill the shape with a color or gradient
Shape Styles Shape Outline Change the outline color, weight, and style of the shape
Shape Styles Shape Effects Add visual effects to the shape, such as shadows and reflections
Shape Styles Shape Styles Apply a predefined style to the shape
Picture Styles Picture Border Add a border to the shape’s picture
Picture Styles Picture Effects Add visual effects to the shape’s picture, such as borders and reflections
Picture Styles Picture Layout Change the layout of the shape’s picture
Picture Styles Picture Styles Apply a predefined style to the shape’s picture

Add-ins Tab:

  • Commands for working with installed add-ins, such as activating or deactivating add-ins, or accessing the settings or help files for add-ins.
Group Command Description
Excel Add-ins Excel Add-ins Displays the Add-Ins dialog box where you can manage Excel add-ins
Analysis ToolPak Provides data analysis tools such as regression and Fourier analysis
Solver Add-in Solves optimization problems using linear programming
Euro Currency Tools Provides Euro currency conversion tools
COM Add-ins Allows you to manage COM add-ins
PowerPoint Add-ins Displays the PowerPoint Add-Ins dialog box where you can manage PowerPoint add-ins
Word Add-ins Displays the Word Add-Ins dialog box where you can manage Word add-ins
SharePoint Provides integration with SharePoint
XML XML Displays the XML Source task pane where you can view and edit XML data in a worksheet
Adobe Acrobat PDFMaker Converts Excel worksheets into PDF format
Convert to PDF Converts the current worksheet or workbook to PDF format
Preferences Displays the Preferences dialog box where you can set options for Adobe Acrobat
Reference Tools Reference Tools Provides access to reference tools such as the Research pane and Smart Lookup
Wikipedia Wikipedia Opens the Wikipedia website in your default web browser
YouTube YouTube Opens the YouTube website in your default web browser
Get Add-ins Store Opens the Office Add-Ins Store where you can search for and download additional Excel add-ins and other Office add-ins

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

Here are the list of frequently asked QA about Excel Ribbon.

  1. Q: What is the Excel Ribbon?
    A: The Excel Ribbon is the graphical user interface element introduced in Excel 2007, that organizes the commands and tools in a series of tabs, making them easily accessible to users.

  2. Q: How do I customize the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To customize the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, you can add new tabs, groups, or commands, rename existing tabs or groups, and change the order in which they appear.

  3. Q: How do I hide or show the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To hide or show the Excel Ribbon, click on the arrow button at the top-right corner of the Excel window or press Ctrl + F1.

  4. Q: How do I access the Excel Ribbon with the keyboard?
    A: To access the Excel Ribbon with the keyboard, press Alt key. Each tab will have an assigned letter, and you can press the letter to access the corresponding tab. Once you’re in a tab, you can use the arrow keys to navigate and the Enter key to select a command.

  5. Q: How do I add a new command to the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To add a new command to the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, you can create a new tab or group, and then add the desired command from the list of available commands.

  6. Q: How do I remove a command from the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To remove a command from the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, select the tab and group that contains the command you want to remove, and then click on the command and click the “Remove” button.

  7. Q: How do I group commands in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To group commands in the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, create a new group under the desired tab, and then drag and drop the desired commands into the group.

  8. Q: Can I change the order of the tabs in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: Yes, you can change the order of the tabs in the Excel Ribbon by right-clicking on any tab and selecting “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, use the arrows on the right side of the window to move the tabs up or down in the list.

  9. Q: Can I create my own custom tab in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: Yes, you can create your own custom tab in the Excel Ribbon by right-clicking on any tab and selecting “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, click the “New Tab” button at the bottom of the window and then add the desired groups and commands.

  10. Q: How do I change the icon displayed for a command in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To change the icon displayed for a command in the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, select the command and click the “Modify” button. In the Modify Button dialog box, click the “Change Icon” button to choose a new icon.

  11. Q: How do I remove a custom tab I created from the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To remove a custom tab you created from the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, select the custom tab you want to remove and click the “Remove” button. Note that this will also remove any groups and commands within the tab.

  12. Q: Can I import or export Ribbon customizations to use on another computer or share with others?
    A: Yes, you can import or export Ribbon customizations in Excel to use on another computer or share with others. To do this, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, click the “Import/Export” button and select “Export all customizations” to save your customizations to a file. To import customizations from another file, select “Import customizations” and select the file you want to use.

  13. Q: Can I customize the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel?
    A: Yes, you can customize the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel by clicking the drop-down arrow on the right side of the toolbar and selecting “Customize Quick Access Toolbar”. From here, you can add or remove commands, or choose to show the toolbar below or above the Ribbon.

  14. Q: How do I add a macro to the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To add a macro to the Excel Ribbon, you first need to create the macro using the Visual Basic Editor. Once the macro is created, you can add a custom button to the Ribbon and assign the macro to the button. Right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”, and then click the “New Tab” button to create a new tab. Add a new group and then add a new button. Right-click the button and select “Assign Macro” to assign your macro to the button.

  15. Q: Can I use icons instead of text for the commands in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: Yes, you can use icons instead of text for the commands in the Excel Ribbon by right-clicking on any tab and selecting “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, select the command you want to modify and click the “Modify” button. In the Modify Button dialog box, click the “Show image and text” option to display the icon and text for the command, or click “Show image only” to display only the icon.

  16. Q: How do I show the Developer tab in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To show the Developer tab in the Excel Ribbon, click the “File” tab, then click “Options”, and then click “Customize Ribbon”. Under “Customize the Ribbon”, select the “Main Tabs” option and check the box next to “Developer”.

  17. Q: How do I remove a custom group I created from the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To remove a custom group you created from the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, select the tab that contains the group you want to remove, and then select the group and click the “Remove” button. Note that this will also remove any commands within the group.

  18. Q: How do I add a custom separator to the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To add a custom separator to the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, select the tab and group where you want to add the separator, and then click the “New Separator” button. Drag the separator to the desired location within the group.

  19. Q: How do I reset the Excel Ribbon back to its default settings?
    A: To reset the Excel Ribbon back to its default settings, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, click the “Reset” button at the bottom of the window and choose whether you want to reset all customizations or just the Ribbon or Quick Access Toolbar.

  20. Q: How do I hide a tab in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To hide a tab in the Excel Ribbon, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, uncheck the box next to the tab you want to hide.

  21. Q: How do I change the color of the Excel Ribbon?
    A: You can change the color of the Excel Ribbon by going to “File” > “Options” > “General” > “Office Theme” and selecting a new color scheme.

  22. Q: Can I customize the Ribbon using VBA code?
    A: Yes, you can customize the Ribbon using VBA code. You can use the RibbonX XML markup language to create custom Ribbon elements, and then use VBA code to load and manipulate the Ribbon. There are also Ribbon customizer add-ins available that can simplify the process of creating custom Ribbon elements using VBA.

  23. Q: Can I change the font size of the text in the Excel Ribbon?
    A: Yes, you can change the font size of the text in the Excel Ribbon by going to “File” > “Options” > “General” > “Office Theme” and selecting a new font size. Note that this will also change the font size of other Office applications.

  24. Q: Can I customize the Ribbon in Excel for Mac?
    A: Yes, you can customize the Ribbon in Excel for Mac by going to “Tools” > “Customize Ribbon”. From here, you can add, remove, or rearrange Ribbon elements.

  25. Q: How do I add a command to the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel for Mac?
    A: To add a command to the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel for Mac, control-click the command you want to add and select “Add to Quick Access Toolbar”.

  26. Q: Can I customize the Ribbon in Excel Online?
    A: No, you cannot customize the Ribbon in Excel Online. However, you can customize the Quick Access Toolbar by clicking the drop-down arrow on the right side of the toolbar and selecting “Customize Quick Access Toolbar”.

  27. Q: Can I create a custom Ribbon in Excel for a specific workbook?
    A: Yes, you can create a custom Ribbon in Excel for a specific workbook by saving the Ribbon customizations as a workbook-specific customization file. To do this, right-click on any tab and select “Customize the Ribbon”. From here, click the “Import/Export” button and select “Export customizations”. Choose to save the file as a workbook-specific

  28. Q: How do I remove a command from the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel?
    A: To remove a command from the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel, right-click on the command and select “Remove from Quick Access Toolbar”.

  29. Q: Can I customize the Ribbon in Excel for iPad?
    A: No, you cannot customize the Ribbon in Excel for iPad.

  30. Q: How do I change the order of commands in the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel for Mac?
    A: To change the order of commands in the Quick Access Toolbar in Excel for Mac, drag the command to the desired location.

  31. Q: How do I customize the Ribbon in Excel for Android?
    A: You can customize the Ribbon in Excel for Android by tapping the “More” icon at the bottom of the screen and selecting “Customize Quick Access Toolbar”.

  32. Q: How do I hide the Ribbon in Excel?
    A: To hide the Ribbon in Excel, double-click on the active tab in the Ribbon, or press Ctrl+F1.

  33. Q: How do I change the default color scheme for the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To change the default color scheme for the Excel Ribbon, click the “File” tab, select “Options”, and then select “General”. In the “Personalize your copy of Microsoft Office” section, select a new color scheme from the “Office Theme” dropdown menu.

  34. Q: How do I create a custom Ribbon in Excel for a specific workbook?
    A: To create a custom Ribbon in Excel for a specific workbook, you can create an add-in that contains the Ribbon XML markup and VBA code to load the Ribbon. Alternatively, you can embed the Ribbon XML markup and VBA code directly into the workbook using a tool like the Custom UI Editor.

  35. Q: How do I change the font size of the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To change the font size of the Excel Ribbon, click the “File” tab, select “Options”, and then select “General”. In the “User Interface options” section, change the “Font size” dropdown menu to the desired size.

  36. Q: How do I change the background color of the Excel Ribbon?
    A: To change the background color of the Excel Ribbon, click the “File” tab, select “Options”, and then select “General”. In the “Personalize your copy of Microsoft Office” section, select a new color from the “Office Background” dropdown menu.

  37. Q: How do I reset the Excel Ribbon to its default settings?
    A: To reset the Excel Ribbon to its default settings, click the “File” tab, select “Options”, and then select “Customize Ribbon”. Click the “Reset” button at the bottom of the window, and then click “Reset all customizations”. Note that this will reset all customizations to the Ribbon, including custom tabs, groups, and buttons.

  38. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to insert charts in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon allows you to insert charts in Excel. Clicking on the “Insert” tab displays the different chart types you can choose from, such as column, line, pie, bar, and more. You can also customize the chart’s design and layout options by using the tools on this tab.

  39. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to access and format Excel tables?
    A: The “Table Tools” tab on the Ribbon allows you to access and format Excel tables. When you select a cell within a table, the “Table Tools” tab is displayed on the Ribbon, with two sub-tabs: “Design” and “Layout”. The “Design” tab allows you to apply a pre-defined table style, change the table size, and add or remove rows and columns. The “Layout” tab allows you to adjust the alignment, size, and spacing of cells within the table.

  40. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to sort and filter data in Excel?
    A: The “Data” tab on the Ribbon allows you to sort and filter data in Excel. Clicking on the “Data” tab displays several tools for managing and analyzing data, such as sorting data in ascending or descending order, filtering data based on specific criteria, and removing duplicates. The “Data” tab also includes tools for importing and exporting data from other sources, such as CSV files and databases.

  41. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to create and format Excel charts?
    A: The “Chart Tools” tab on the Ribbon allows you to create and format Excel charts. When you select a chart, the “Chart Tools” tab is displayed on the Ribbon, with two sub-tabs: “Design” and “Format”. The “Design” tab allows you to choose a chart type, add chart elements such as titles and legends, and change the chart layout. The “Format” tab allows you to adjust the chart’s appearance, such as its colors, fonts, and effects.

  42. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to add and format Excel shapes and objects?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon allows you to add and format Excel shapes and objects. Clicking on the “Insert” tab displays several options for adding shapes, text boxes, and other graphical elements to your workbook. The “Format” tab is displayed when you select a shape or object, and allows you to adjust its appearance, such as its size, position, and style.

  43. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to run macros and VBA code in Excel?
    A: The “Developer” tab on the Ribbon allows you to run macros and VBA code in Excel. This tab is not visible by default, but can be enabled by going to the Excel Options and selecting “Customize Ribbon”. From there, you can check the box next to “Developer” to display this tab on the Ribbon. The “Developer” tab includes tools for recording and running macros, as well as accessing the Visual Basic Editor for creating and editing VBA code.

  44. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to add conditional formatting in Excel?
    A: The “Home” tab on the Ribbon allows you to add conditional formatting in Excel. Clicking on the “Conditional Formatting” button displays several options for applying formatting based on specific criteria, such as data bars, color scales, and icon sets. You can also create custom rules using the “New Rule” option. The “Conditional Formatting” button is located in the “Styles” group on the “Home” tab.

  45. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to manage Excel add-ins?
    A: The “File” tab on the Ribbon allows you to manage Excel add-ins. Clicking on the “Options” button and selecting “Add-ins” displays a list of currently installed add-ins, as well as options for managing and configuring them. You can also install new add-ins by clicking on the “Store” button or by browsing for add-ins on your computer.

  46. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to insert hyperlinks in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon allows you to insert hyperlinks in Excel. Clicking on the “Hyperlink” button displays a dialog box where you can enter the URL or file path for the hyperlink, as well as customize its display text and other properties. You can also insert hyperlinks to specific cells or ranges within your workbook using the “Place in This Document” option.

  47. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to protect and secure Excel workbooks?
    A: The “Review” tab on the Ribbon allows you to protect and secure Excel workbooks. Clicking on the “Protect Workbook” button displays several options for protecting the workbook, such as adding a password to open or modify the workbook, encrypting its contents, and restricting access to specific users or groups. You can also track changes and comments using the tools on this tab.

  48. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to insert and edit Excel functions?
    A: The “Formulas” tab on the Ribbon allows you to insert and edit Excel functions. Clicking on the “Insert Function” button displays a dialog box where you can search for and select a function, as well as enter its arguments and other options. The “Formulas” tab also includes tools for auditing and debugging formulas, such as the “Evaluate Formula” and “Trace Dependents” buttons.

  49. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon allows you to set page layout options for Excel worksheets?
    A: The “Page Layout” tab on the Ribbon allows you to set page layout options for Excel worksheets. Clicking on this tab displays tools for adjusting the page orientation, margins, and scaling, as well as adding headers, footers, and page numbers. You can also customize the page setup options for printing the worksheet using the “Print Titles” and “Page Setup” buttons.

  50. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the basic formatting tools in Excel?
    A: The “Home” tab on the Ribbon contains the basic formatting tools in Excel, such as font styles, font size, font color, cell styles, and alignment options.

  51. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for inserting and editing charts in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for inserting and editing charts in Excel, such as bar charts, pie charts, line charts, and scatter plots.

  52. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for managing and editing Excel worksheets?
    A: The “View” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for managing and editing Excel worksheets, such as zooming in and out, splitting the worksheet, and arranging multiple windows.

  53. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for formatting numbers and dates in Excel?
    A: The “Home” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for formatting numbers and dates in Excel, such as currency symbols, decimal places, and date formats.

  54. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for sorting and filtering data in Excel?
    A: The “Data” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for sorting and filtering data in Excel, such as the “Sort” and “Filter” buttons.

  55. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for creating and editing PivotTables in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for creating and editing PivotTables in Excel, such as the “PivotTable” and “PivotChart” buttons.

  56. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and formatting shapes and images in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and formatting shapes and images in Excel, such as the “Shapes” and “Picture” buttons.

  57. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for protecting and securing Excel workbooks?
    A: The “Review” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for protecting and securing Excel workbooks, such as the “Protect Workbook” and “Protect Sheet” buttons.

  58. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for customizing the Excel Ribbon itself?
    A: The “File” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for customizing the Excel Ribbon itself, such as the “Options” button and the “Customize Ribbon” option.

  59. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and editing formulas in Excel?
    A: The “Formulas” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and editing formulas in Excel, such as the “Function Library” and “Insert Function” buttons.

  60. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for finding and replacing data in Excel?
    A: The “Home” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for finding and replacing data in Excel, such as the “Find” and “Replace” buttons.

  61. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and formatting tables in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and formatting tables in Excel, such as the “Table” button and the “Table Styles” gallery.

  62. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for printing and previewing Excel worksheets?
    A: The “File” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for printing and previewing Excel worksheets, such as the “Print” and “Print Preview” buttons.

  63. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and formatting sparklines in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the tools for adding and formatting sparklines in Excel, such as the “Line Sparkline” and “Column Sparkline” buttons.

  64. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to save an Excel file?
    A: The “File” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to save an Excel file, located in the left-hand pane under the “Save” and “Save As” buttons.

  65. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to print an Excel worksheet?
    A: The “File” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to print an Excel worksheet, located in the left-hand pane under the “Print” button.

  66. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to insert a hyperlink in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to insert a hyperlink in Excel, located in the “Links” group under the “Hyperlink” button.

  67. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to format cells in Excel?
    A: The “Home” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to format cells in Excel, located in the “Font” and “Alignment” groups.

  68. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to merge cells in Excel?
    A: The “Home” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to merge cells in Excel, located in the “Alignment” group under the “Merge & Center” button.

  69. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to insert a picture in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to insert a picture in Excel, located in the “Illustrations” group under the “Pictures” button.

  70. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to add a comment in Excel?
    A: The “Review” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to add a comment in Excel, located in the “Comments” group under the “New Comment” button.

  71. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to insert a chart in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to insert a chart in Excel, located in the “Charts” group under the “Insert Chart” button.

  72. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to sort data in Excel?
    A: The “Data” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to sort data in Excel, located in the “Sort & Filter” group under the “Sort” button.

  73. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to filter data in Excel?
    A: The “Data” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to filter data in Excel, located in the “Sort & Filter” group under the “Filter” button.

  74. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to freeze panes in Excel?
    A: The “View” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to freeze panes in Excel, located in the “Window” group under the “Freeze Panes” button.

  75. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to add a function in Excel?
    A: The “Formulas” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to add a function in Excel, located in the “Function Library” group under the “Insert Function” button.

  76. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to protect a worksheet in Excel?
    A: The “Review” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to protect a worksheet in Excel, located in the “Changes” group under the “Protect Sheet” button.

  77. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to format numbers in Excel?
    A: The “Home” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to format numbers in Excel, located in the “Number” group under the “Number Format” button.

  78. Q: Which tab on the Ribbon contains the command to add a pivot table in Excel?
    A: The “Insert” tab on the Ribbon contains the command to add a pivot table in Excel, located in the “Tables” group.

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